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Centres et périphéries dans les cités antiques du Massif Central. Occupation, mise en valeur et intégration des territoires de montagne dans la cité des Arvernes (fin de l’Âge du Fer – début du Moyen Âge)

Abstract : Archaeo-environmental researches conducted over the past fifteen years in the territory of the city of Arverni have highlighted the role played by the basin of Clermont-Ferrand and the plain of Limagne in the dynamics of regional development since the Iron Age. More recently, several micro-regional study windows were opened in the mid-mountain areas, which occupy two-thirds the size of this territory (Combraille, Cézallier, Cantal, Livradois, Forez). The DYSPATER program's objective is to initiate an interdisciplinary and diachronic reading of the spatial dynamics of regional development from the Iron Age to the Middle Ages by extending this approach to five other cities in the Massif Central, bordering Arverni (Lemovices, Cadurci, Ruteni, Gabali and Vellavii). The acquisition, in each window, of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data using a common protocol should ensure comparability of results and allow their interpretation at the regional level. At this scale, mountain areas, previously considered as "peripheral" (relative to the focuses of development observed in basins and valleys), appear central. It is now necessary to characterize the rhythms and forms of land use, and to identify the resources exploited. The communication will present the progress of this research program and attempt to highlight the heterochrony and geographical disparities in the development of mountain areas between the 2nd c. BC and the 5th c. AD. The analysis will implement several markers of development currently under study: small towns, villae, sanctuaries, roads, agropastoral management, crafts, epigraphic evidence of aristocratic presence. Reflection will also address the relevance of the concepts of "frontier" and "integrated margin" to account for the phenomena of development locally observed. It will attempt to answer the question: does the heterogeneity of mountain areas in Roman times result from an uneven development, or at the contrary from a better integration within an economic system based on resource complementarity?
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Frédéric Trément, Marie Delpy, Franck Fassion, Guy Massounie. Centres et périphéries dans les cités antiques du Massif Central. Occupation, mise en valeur et intégration des territoires de montagne dans la cité des Arvernes (fin de l’Âge du Fer – début du Moyen Âge). Franges urbaines, confins territoriaux. La Gaule dans l’Empire. Colloque international (Versailles, 29 février - 3 mars 2012), Claire Besson, Olivier Blin, Bertrand Triboulot, Feb 2012, Versailles, France. pp.575-599. ⟨halshs-01839434⟩

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