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La cité des Arvernes à la fin de l’Antiquité. Dynamique du peuplement et des paysages (IVe-VIe siècles)

Abstract : Systematic surveys and paleoenvironmental studies carried out on a large scale over the past twenty years in the Limagne plain and on its mountain margins have contributed to renewing deeply our perception of the dynamics of the occupation of the soil and the landscapes during the Late Antiquity and the beginning of the Early Middle Ages. This research shows the strong resilience of the network of villae set up at the beginning of the Early Empire in the Clermont basin and in the plain of Limagne, – for many of them, moreover, at the location of establishments already occupied at the end of La Tene. The most important of these establishments, about forty of which have been recognized, make obviously part of the very stable and durable framework that structures the countryside surrounding the city's chief town within a radius of twenty kilometers, where the "black lands" were already celebrated for their legendary fertility in the 5th century by Sidoine Apollinaire, bishop of Clermont and great landowner. The degree of stability of the villae appears proportional to their initial size. As for other types of establishments (interpreted as "farms"), most seem to disappear in the course of the 3rd century. Here we find a pattern of evolution very similar to that which has been recognized in Languedoc and Provence, where it has been interpreted as a sign of a movement of land concentration. However, the spatial analysis of the settlement and the paleoenvironmental data reveal that this apparent stability conceals profound changes in the modalities of regional development, from which spatial cycles and dynamics are beginning to be better understood. These developments seem to be conditioned in particular by the differential development of secondary agglomerations (vici) and by a rebalancing of production in favor of livestock farming. Archaeo-environmental research conducted in the peripheral mountains (Haute Combraille, Livradois, Forez) echoes these hypotheses, highlighting an important cycle of clearing linked to a development of pastoral activities at the turn of the Late Antiquity and Early Middle ages.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01839345
Contributor : Frédéric Trément <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 14, 2018 - 4:29:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 12:18:50 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-01839345, version 1

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Frédéric Trément. La cité des Arvernes à la fin de l’Antiquité. Dynamique du peuplement et des paysages (IVe-VIe siècles). Table ronde sur « La vie quotidienne d’Hippone à Sidoine Apollinaire ». Rencontres franco-algériennes de l’archéologie et de l’histoire (Clermont-Ferrand, 26 janvier 2018), Association France-Algérie Pays d’Auvergne AFAPA, Jan 2018, Clermont-Ferrand, France. ⟨halshs-01839345⟩

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