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Recenser la propriété en Amazonie brésilienne au tournant du xxe siècle: Des registres de terres de João de Palma Muniz aux cartes de Paul Le Cointe

Abstract : At the turn of the twentieth century, Brazil became a federal republic and its states were endowed with legislation to regulate the privatization of land. From 1901 to 1909, in the state of Pará (Amazonia), the governor Dr Augusto Montenegro instigated a census of the occupations and land titles issued under the previous regimes in order to set up a cadastre. This colossal undertaking led by the engineer João de Palma Muniz was published in the series of Land Registers. In the same period, from 1892 to 1910, the geometrician Paul Le Cointe undertook a cartographic and toponymic survey of the Lower Amazon on behalf of the government and in order to pursue his own scientific interests. The aim of this article is to explore from a juridical and ethno-historical point of view the stakes attached to the implementation of the land legislation in Pará and the role of these two players, in the light of the ambitions and political, economic and scientific ideologies of the period.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 9, 2020 - 3:32:41 PM
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Émilie Stoll, Luly Rodrigues da Cunha Fischer, Ricardo Theophilo folhes. Recenser la propriété en Amazonie brésilienne au tournant du xxe siècle: Des registres de terres de João de Palma Muniz aux cartes de Paul Le Cointe. Histoire & Mesure, EHESS, 2017, Le chiffre et la carte. Pratiques statistiques et cartographiques en Amérique latine (xviiie-xxe siècles), XXXII (1), pp.53-90. ⟨10.4000/histoiremesure.5756⟩. ⟨halshs-01837394⟩

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