Si manus tua scandalizat te, amputa ! L’exégèse de Mt 18, 7-9 dans le Sermo 81 d’Augustin d’Hippone

Abstract : The exegesis of Mt. 18,7-9 in the Sermo 81 shows the choices of the preacher. First, Augustine refuses the literal interpretation of these verses and prefers the allegorical interpretation, as the other Fathers. These interpretations consider the parts of the body either as a picture of the soul (according to the theory of the “spiritual senses”), or of the human family or else of the Church (cf. 1 Cor. 12,25-27). Because of the Donatist controversy, Augustine mentions these ecclesial interpretations with caution and originality. Second, in the dark period of the Sack of Rome (410), the needs of the listeners transform the exegesis of the preacher (cf. É. Rebillard, In hora mortis, Rome 1994) and the definition of scandal.
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Marie Pauliat. Si manus tua scandalizat te, amputa ! L’exégèse de Mt 18, 7-9 dans le Sermo 81 d’Augustin d’Hippone. XLIV Incontro di Studiosi dell’Antichità Cristiana. Cristianesimo e violenza: gli autori cristiani di fronte a testi biblici ‘scomodi’, May 2016, Rome, Italie. pp.351-359. ⟨halshs-01823213⟩

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