Analyse comparative des rythmes d’occupation au sein de la séquence Paléolithique de la Grotte Mandrin (Malataverne, France)

Abstract : The search for high resolution in archaeology is a growing preoccupation; this can be seen in particular with the multiplication of sessions focusing on this issue in international conferences in the recent years (for example: “Multidisciplinary approach in the definition of high-resolution events to interpret past human behaviour” – WAC8, 2016, Kyōto; “Advances in Archaeological Palimpsest Dissection” – UISPP 2014, Burgos; etc.). Social organisation of human groups can indeed only be studied with a very high temporal resolution. Understanding the social organisation of human groups in one location and at different scales, and being able to distinguish these different scales (from the annual cycle to the multi-year cycle), are major anthropological issues. Lithic and faunal studies are often used to infer models of annual nomadic cycles, whether applied separately or integrated. The assemblages studied are cumulative and do not provide any information on multi-year social cycles. Other methods can also provide information on the organisation of human groups. At the scale of an archaeological site, Fuliginochronology (from Latin fuliginosus, fuligo: soot, fuliginous and Greek χρονολογία [khrônologia]: chronology) provides new data, which may complement those previously mentioned. It also brings a new resolution for studying archaeological sequences. This method, applied to carbonates, aims to analyse soot deposits trapped in speleothems that consist in very high temporal resolution archives of the human occupations of caves and rock shelters. This material is still understudied and yet, it has an important informative potential for the archaeologist, since it allows a micro-chronological approach to chronicle the human occupations in a cavity for a period of several years, with a sub-annual to decadal resolution. The analysis of fuliginous calcite deposits makes it possible to study two criteria offering unique insights: the site’s occupation frequency and the differences in the rhythmicity of occupations between the several stratigraphic units and therefore between the archaeologically recognised cultural phases. In this talk, we will present the method, its potential and its limitations. We will rely in particular on the case of the Grotte Mandrin, rock-shelter site of the Middle Rhône Valley (France), which contains archaeological assemblages attributed to different cultural and / or biological groups (Neanderthal vs Anatomically Modern Human). We will try to compare the rhythmicity of occupations, which are underpinned by humans groups’ organisation in their territory.
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 16, 2018 - 9:01:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 22, 2019 - 9:38:09 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-01817189, version 1

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Ségolène Vandevelde, Jacques Brochier, Christophe Petit, Ludovic Slimak. Analyse comparative des rythmes d’occupation au sein de la séquence Paléolithique de la Grotte Mandrin (Malataverne, France). UISPP 2018 session VI-2. Mettre en évidence le cycle annuel de nomadisme des chasseurs-collecteurs paléolithiques et mésolithiques : enjeux, méthodes, et études de cas [Documenting the annual cycle of nomadism of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic hunter-gatherers: issues, methods, and case studies], Jun 2018, Paris, France. ⟨halshs-01817189⟩

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