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Trickle-Down ethnic politics: drunk and absent in the Kenya police force (1957-1970)

Abstract : How does ethnic politics affect the state's ability to provide policing services? Using a panel of administrative personnel data on the full careers of 6,784 police officers, we show how the rise of ethnic politics around Kenya's independence influenced policemen's behavior. We find a significant deterioration in discipline after Kenya's first multiparty election for those police officers of ethnic groups associated with the ruling party. These effects are driven by a behavioral change among these policemen. We find no evidence of favoritism within the police. Instead, our results are consistent with co-ethnic officers experiencing an emboldenment effect. Our findings highlight that the state's security apparatus, at its most granular level, is not insulated from ethnic politics.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 29, 2018 - 9:09:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 10:13:21 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01802894, version 1


Oliver Vanden Eynde, Oliver Kühn, Patrick M., Moradi Alexander. Trickle-Down ethnic politics: drunk and absent in the Kenya police force (1957-1970). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, 2018, 10 (3), pp.388-417. ⟨halshs-01802894⟩



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