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Systèmes complexes en linguistique : quelques exemples d'application au diasystème same

Abstract : While it finds its origins in the exact sciences, the study of complex systems is now deeply ingrained into many other fields of study. Complex systems are characterized by their unpredictability and their resistance to analytical reduction. In linguistics, complex systems are present at several levels: within languages and their components (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, etc. and their interfaces) and at a larger scale in the interaction between languages, within a language family or in contact situations. Few approaches have so far taken into account this complexity in their analyses. Through a number of examples from morphology (first level) and dialectology (second level), the article shows that we can understand the interaction processes within these systems, which lead to emergence and auto-organization phenomena, using models based on Complexity Theory, and that we can identify the simplex rules underlying their structures.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 29, 2018 - 2:40:20 PM
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Flore Picard. Systèmes complexes en linguistique : quelques exemples d'application au diasystème same. ELIS - Echanges de linguistique en Sorbonne, Université Paris Sorbonne, 2018. ⟨halshs-01802571⟩



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