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La presse au Maroc : une économie très politique‪. Le cas des supports papier et électronique depuis le début des années 1990

Abstract : his article intends to analyse the Moroccan journalistic field since the 1990s using a relational sociology looking at its news businesses and showing their strong dependence on the economic and political fields. This initial analysis of the paper and electronic non-specialised press (and its managers) is based on five main issues. The first recalls the history of the non-partisan press and the trajectories of social and political protest within it since independence, showing how the Moroccan field of power has restricted both the press supply and its potential audiences. The second part describes, on the one hand, the explosion of the supply of information on paper titles since the 1990s, and digital press, especially since 2011, and, on the other hand, the gradual expansion of its audiences, especially in Arabic. The following sections extend the analysis of the contemporary configuration through the restructuring of the very political economy of this small market of non-partisan “press enterprises”. First of all, its structural weaknesses explain the intensity of the political stakes around the official/unofficial modes of financing of the press and the difficulties to find profitable “economic models”. Then, we explain this interpenetration of the economic, political and journalistic fields in the analysis of the professional, political and social trajectories of the main investors of this new press, showing the weight of their political and social capital. Finally, the relative closure of this market is seen even more through the oligopoly of advertising market, largely related to the field of power, which weighs very directly on the working of press companies.
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Contributor : Dominique Marchetti <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 3:56:18 PM
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Abdelfettah Benchenna, Driss Ksikes, Dominique Marchetti. La presse au Maroc : une économie très politique‪. Le cas des supports papier et électronique depuis le début des années 1990. Questions de communication, Presses Universitaires de Nancy - Editions Universitaires de Lorraine, 2017, Médias au Maghreb, 2 (32), pp.239-260. ⟨10.4000/questionsdecommunication.11527⟩. ⟨halshs-01802294⟩



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