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Contribution à l’étude de la quantification de la durée entre le XVIe siècle et le XXe siècle

Abstract : This paper examines, in a diachronic perspective, a subclass of duration complements introduced by the prepositions “par” and “dans”, and containing a nominal phrase made up of a definite (“un, deux, trois …”) or indefinite (“quelques, plusieurs, …”) quantifier determiner and of a time-denoting noun (“heure, jour, an, mois …”). These prepositional phrases could be used in the 16th century with a sense of duration which then disappeared (“par”) or was reduced to a deictic reference (“dans”). The paper presents the evolution of the metalinguistic discourse on these duration complements, and then, using a corpus of examples from the Frantext database, examines their contextual parameters and semantic values. In the third part of the paper, we examine the contexts in which “en DetQuantNtime” prepositional phrases denoting duration are used in the French written press (Le Figaro) in the 19th and 20th centuries.
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Nathalie Fournier, Denis Vigier. Contribution à l’étude de la quantification de la durée entre le XVIe siècle et le XXe siècle. Peter Blumenthal; Denis Vigier. Études diachroniques du français et perspectives sociétales, Peter Lang, pp.143-168, 2018, 978-3-631-72899-4. ⟨halshs-01799915⟩

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