Les dispositifs de monnaies locales en quête de ressources : entre expérimentation et modèles socio-économiques [= Local currency schemes in search of resources: between experiment and socio-economic models]

Abstract : "Local currency schemes in search of resources: between experiment and socio-economic models" The way local currency schemes get funded has hardly been studied so far. Yet, the increased role of local governments and private funding challenge their “economic model”. This paper aims at identifying the whole set of resources and expenses of these schemes and what is carried with them, that is, the nature of the project itself. How is the project shaped by the search for a balance between expenses and resources? This leads us to refine the usual tripartition of resources in solidarity-based economy (market / non-market / non-monetary economies). We distinguish four types of resources: market resources, redistributive resourses, resources from the gift and resources from the double quality. We then build three models based on the domination of one type of resources, notably linked to the role of specific actors in the construction of the project. We then analyze their main consequences and notably the feedback effects on the project itself. This eventually leads to emphasize the need for a cooperation between actors so as to make these schemes financially sustainable while pursuing their political project.
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Jérôme Blanc, Marie Fare. Les dispositifs de monnaies locales en quête de ressources : entre expérimentation et modèles socio-économiques [= Local currency schemes in search of resources: between experiment and socio-economic models]. Lietaer, Bernard Créer une monnaie complémentaire : manuel à l’usage des citoyen-ne-s, le bord de l'eau, pp.159-184, 2017. ⟨halshs-01796266⟩

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