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Le savoir astronomique et ses sources dans le De mundo et corporibus celestibus de Barthélemy l’Anglais

Isabelle Draelants 1, 2, 3 Eduard Frunzeanu 4
2 Atelier Vincent de Beauvais
IRHT - Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes, LHSP - Laboratoire d'Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie - Archives Henri Poincaré, Centre de Médiévistique Jean-Schneider
Abstract : The title of Book VIII of Bartholomeus Anglicus’ natural encyclopedia is ‘De mundo et corporibus celestibus’; it deals with cosmology, astrology and astronomy. The critical edition, achieved since 2012, is being published (2018) at Brepols in the ‘De diversis artibus’ series (Draelants-Frunzeanu-Ventura). This article discusses in detail each explicit and implicit sources of Book VIII. Some of them are showing the influence of treatises written in north-west France or southern England in the beginning of the thirteen century and some show the use of intermediary compilations of the same period; some references to Isidore of Seville, Ptolemy or Abu Ma’Shar are coming from them. Among the explicit sources, one finds Hrabanus Maurus, Michael Scot, Zael (“Misael”); among the implicit sources, the so-called Experimentator (an encyclopedic compilation often referring to Isidore and Ptolemy), and some contemporary scholars such as Robert Grosseteste, Alexander of Hales, Arnoldus Saxo (who quotes the Iudicia Ptolemei used by Bartholomeus). There is also an influence of Richard Fishacre and Richard Rufus. The second part of the article looks at the cosmological and astrological theories of Book VIII and highlights numerous mistakes and approximations. These may be due to the transmission of the text, but it may also be possible that Bartholomeus, not an expert in cosmology, was more interested by the potential allegorisation of these data and founded them in other compilation, without fully understanding them. Nevertheless, his text remains an interesting testimony of the effort made in the years 1250 to gather a specific knowledge. Its afterlife throughout the Middle Ages put into perspective or counteract the findings of inconsistencies or ignorance.
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Isabelle Draelants, Eduard Frunzeanu. Le savoir astronomique et ses sources dans le De mundo et corporibus celestibus de Barthélemy l’Anglais. Rursus - Poiétique, réception et réécriture des textes antiques, Université Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 2017, (101 p.). ⟨10.4000/rursus.1352⟩. ⟨halshs-01782957⟩

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