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Development of phonetic complexity in Arabic, Berber, English and French

Abstract : The goal of this study is to provide crosslinguistic data on the acquisition of phonetic complexity among children acquiring four different languages: Tunisian Arabic, Tashlhiyt Berber, English, and French. Using an adaptation of Jakielski's (2000) Index of Phonetic Complexity (IPC), we carried out an analysis to assess phonetic complexity of children's early vocabulary in the four languages. Four different samples from each language were analyzed: 50 words selected from an adult dictionary of each language, 50 words from child-directed speech, 50 words targeted by the child, and the child's actual pronunciations of those 50 words. Globally, we hypothesized that children's early productions would be shaped by universal articulatory constraints, but also by the language they are exposed to, depending on its phonological complexity. Our findings show that Arabic displays higher degrees of complexity compared to Berber, English and French, and that children acquiring Arabic target and produce more complex words than children learning Berber, English and French.
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Contributor : Mohamed Lahrouchi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 23, 2018 - 3:54:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 11:26:04 AM

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Frédérique Gayraud, Melissa Barkat-Defradas, Mohamed Lahrouchi, Mahé Ben Hamed. Development of phonetic complexity in Arabic, Berber, English and French. Canadian Journal of Linguistics / Revue canadienne de linguistique, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 63 (4), pp.527-555. ⟨10.1017/cnj.2018.9⟩. ⟨halshs-01774442⟩



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