L’émergence contrariée du chronographe imprimant dans les observatoires français (fin 19e – début 20e s.)

Abstract : Western observatories became scientific manufacture from the mid-19th century. Astrometry symbolized the transition to an industrious economy of scientific practices. The printing chronograph, which reduced the personal equations of the observers, was, first in the United States, then in England, the symbolic instrument of this transformation. In France, the initiatives of the astronomer Liais were prototypical. The printing chronograph arrived for good in French observatories at the beginning of the 20th century from Hendaye and thanks to Father Verschaffel. Excessive centralization of the French astronomy, authoritarianism of Urbain Le Verrier, the director of the Paris Observatory, and poor market for scientific instruments explain why the printing chronograph took root belatedly in France.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 15, 2018 - 4:37:21 PM
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Jérôme Lamy, Frederic Soulu. L’émergence contrariée du chronographe imprimant dans les observatoires français (fin 19e – début 20e s.). Annals of Science, Taylor & Francis, 2015, 72 (72(1)), pp.75 - 98. ⟨10.1080/00033790.2014.894326⟩. ⟨halshs-01765549⟩

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