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Framing Prototypes: the Fast Breeder Reactor in France (1950s – 1990s).

Abstract : This paper considers a crucial moment in the innovation process: the shift from a research phase to an industrial phase. The empirical study examines the development in France of Fast Breeder Reactor technology (FBR), from the 1950s to the early closure of the Superphénix plant in 1997. A turning point occurred in the late 1960s, when several European countries judged that the FBR technology was a promising electricity generation technology that would soon be mature for commercialisation, in a context of technological nationalism and future energy scarcity. In this paper, we analyse how the framing of the resulting prototype as “industrial” entailed an impact on decisions during the three decades that the project lasted. Aiming at describing the project actors in action without judging their decision-making processes, we use the ‘framing’ concept preferably to other approaches such as ‘path dependency’. This concept choice is the subject of the discussion.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01738460
Contributor : Claire LE RENARD Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 20, 2018 - 3:13:53 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 10:40:01 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-01738460, version 1

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Claire Le Renard, Arthur Jobert. Framing Prototypes: the Fast Breeder Reactor in France (1950s – 1990s). . Science & Technology Studies, Finnish Association for Science and Technology Studies, 2014, Special Issue on Energy in Society: Part III, 27 (2). ⟨halshs-01738460⟩

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