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By ignoring intra-household inequality, do we underestimate the extent of poverty?

Abstract : This paper uses a novel survey to re-examine inequality and poverty levels in Senegal. In order to account for intra-household inequalities, the paper uses consumption data collected at a relatively disaggregated level within households. This data reveal that first, mean consumption is higher than measured by standard consumption surveys; and second, that consumption inequality in this country is also much higher that what is commonly thought, with a Gini index reaching 48. These findings affect global poverty estimates in opposite directions and in this context, nearly compensate for each other. Intra-household consumption inequalities are shown to account for nearly 14% of total inequality in Senegal. These results are robust to the existence of plausible measurement errors. As a result of this intra-household inequality, “invisible poor” exist with 12.6% of the poor individuals living in non-poor households.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 6, 2018 - 11:09:20 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 21, 2020 - 3:26:28 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Thursday, June 7, 2018 - 1:29:36 PM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-01724194, version 1


Philippe de Vreyer, Sylvie Lambert. By ignoring intra-household inequality, do we underestimate the extent of poverty?. 2018. ⟨halshs-01724194⟩



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