Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The Leprosarium of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier : the cementochronological proof of the medieval decline of Hansen disease in Europe?

Abstract : This study compares the adult survivorship profiles of people interred in the Saint-Thomas d’Aizier leprosarium, estimated by cementochronology, to eight archaeological series in northern France dated from Late Antiquity to the Late Middle Ages, periods of significant visibility for Hansen's disease (leprosy). The goals are to understand the impact of leprosy on various social groups and to explore the cause of leprosy's decline by analyzing male and female fertility. Survival rates differed between medieval leprosy-free sites and the Saint-Thomas d’Aizier leprosarium, although this difference was statistically significant only for the female leprosarium sample. The selective female frailty, a consequence of social exclusion and the collapse of the quality of life, combined with the infertility of lepromatous couples, offer a multi-causal explanation to the end of the expansion and then decline of leprosy in southern and western European countries.
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [73 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01715280
Contributor : Cécile Chapelain de Seréville-Niel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 22, 2018 - 3:18:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 30, 2022 - 12:34:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 1:51:36 PM

File

the leprosarium of st thomas d...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Joël Blondiaux, Stephan Naji, Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Thomas Colard, Amélie de Broucker, et al.. The Leprosarium of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier : the cementochronological proof of the medieval decline of Hansen disease in Europe?. International Journal of Paleopathology, Elsevier, 2016, 15, pp.140-151. ⟨10.1016/j.ijpp.2015.02.005⟩. ⟨halshs-01715280⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

485

Files downloads

427