Immigration and the Future of the Welfare State in Europe

Abstract : We analyze the effect of immigration on attitudes to redistribution in Europe. Using data for 28 European countries from the European Social Survey, we .nd that native workers lower their support for redistribution if the share of immigration in their country is high. This effect is larger for individuals who hold negative views regarding immigration but is smaller when immigrants are culturally closer to natives and come from richer origin countries. The effect also varies with native workers’ and immigrants’ education. In particular, more educated natives (in terms of formal education but also job-specic human capital and ocupation task skill intensity) support more redistribution if immigrants are also relatively educated. To address endogeneity concerns, we restrict identification to within country and within country-occupation variation and also instrument immigration using a gravity model. Overall, our results show that the negative .First-order effect of immigration on attitudes to redistribution is relatively small and counterbalanced among skilled natives by positive second-order effects for the quality and diversity of immigration.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
PSE Working Papers n°2018-04. 2018
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [50 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01707760
Contributeur : Caroline Bauer <>
Soumis le : mardi 13 février 2018 - 10:03:09
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 avril 2018 - 17:20:16
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 7 mai 2018 - 11:18:36

Fichier

wp_201804_.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : halshs-01707760, version 1

Collections

Citation

Alberto Alesina, Johann Harnoss, Hillel Rapoport. Immigration and the Future of the Welfare State in Europe. PSE Working Papers n°2018-04. 2018. 〈halshs-01707760〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

449

Téléchargements de fichiers

1366