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(In)actualiser. La Boétie chez Landauer, du refus de la servitude à la construction de la liberté

Abstract : The Discourse on Voluntary Servitude is a classic of political thought. Picked up by various dissident movements, this pamphlet from the mid-16th century soon assumed a negative tone, highlighted by the subtitle of the first editions of the text: "the Against-One". All further militant appropriations updated La Boétie's message, so as to make it a weapon against the current tyrant. In the early 20th century, concluding 150 years of a mostly intellectual German reception, the anarchist philosopher and activist Gustav Landauer (1870-1919) disencumbered the Discourse of this negativity, thus giving it back its own positive power. Both his new translation and his appropriation of La Boétie's theses insist on their being propositional rather than oppositional. Indicating the essentially relational nature of all social constructs – such as the State –, Landauer extricates the subversive content of the Discourse on Voluntary Servitude from its peculiar context. He thus stresses the untimely dimension of this text for the construction of liberty in every moment.
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Anatole Lucet. (In)actualiser. La Boétie chez Landauer, du refus de la servitude à la construction de la liberté. Antoine-Mahut, Delphine; Lézé, Samuel. Les classiques à l'épreuve : actualité de l'histoire de la philosophie, Éditions des archives contemporaines, pp.35-53, 2018, Actualité des classiques, 978-2-8130-0218-1. ⟨10.17184/eac.855⟩. ⟨halshs-01701992⟩



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