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Abstract : [The territories of Latin America were developed by Portuguese and Spanish colonization as immigrants, although the old pre-Hispanic system, with its towns and privileged agricultural sites, was sometimes extended. The development of the Latin American territory is therefore largely the legacy of its colonial migration history, whose first objective was not the creation of a new economy self-sufficient. On the contrary, it was a matter of exploiting resources that met the needs of European cities, in the context of production based on intercontinental export opportunities. This economic system very soon engendered a territorial duality. On the one hand, the founding of cities that the colonizer needed has triggered a continuous process of urbanization. On the other hand, the development of the countryside was carried out according to the export products which they could provide at such or such a period and, therefore, according to a discontinuous process. Knowledge of Latin American territories therefore requires a preliminary understanding of the reasons and reasons that led to a specific urban development, and then explanatory factors for the layout of vast rural lands. Finally, it is important to look more specifically at the Amazon, which represents a large area in South America and, in its Brazilian part, most of the national territory.]
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Contributor : Gérard-François Dumont <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 26, 2018 - 11:35:09 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 11:18:03 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01693485, version 1


Gérard-François Dumont. L’AMÉNAGEMENT DU TERRITOIRE EN AMÉRIQUE LATINE . Wackermann, Gabriel L’Amérique latine, Ellipses, pp.176-200, 2005, 978-2-7298-92448-0. ⟨halshs-01693485⟩



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