Diversité des dynamiques locales dans les oasis du Sud de la Tunisie

Abstract : In Tunisia, modernization and liberalization policies implemented since Independence contributed to significant changes in the conditions of farming practices. These policies induced changes in traditional oasis systems. New adaptation strategies appear, such as local tourism, crop specialization, quality approaches. These strategies renew the functions of the territory. In a national context of political upheaval, contradictory dynamics appear: land fragmentation and emergence of producer groups aiming to renew current management models, promotion of local territory and increasing integration to global logics. The analysis of these dynamics highlights the lack of articulation between the current development projects, especially between local initiatives and State- and donor-led projects. Based on surveys among farmers in Tozeur and Gabès, this article analyzes the transformation of forms of territorial management and valorization, as answers of the local oasis territory to the global crisis. In spite of an apparent disqualification in discourses and representations, the sustainability of oases does not relate so much to conservation or development projects as to the strength of diversified local dynamics, responding to the pluralistic functions of the territory. This paper also highlights the socially differentiated links between practices of territory and sustainability of the oasis, beyond a mere safeguarding of the environment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 5:24:40 PM
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Irène Carpentier. Diversité des dynamiques locales dans les oasis du Sud de la Tunisie. Cahiers Agricultures, EDP Sciences, 2017, 26 (3), pp.35001. ⟨https://www.cahiersagricultures.fr/articles/cagri/abs/2017/03/cagri160206/cagri160206.html⟩. ⟨10.1051/cagri/2017017⟩. ⟨halshs-01687783⟩

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