Le déterminisme méthodologique et le chercheur agissant

Abstract : In this article, we explore the concept of “methodological determinism”, the supposition that underlies the incommensurability thesis and the related practice, called naïve methodological eclecticism (Yanchar & Williams, 2006). In order to understand exactly what is deterministic about the methods we employ as researchers, we first take two examples of methods — Social Network Analysis (SNA) and the transcription of human interaction, and we tease apart which assumptions are carried by the methods when they are applied and which assumptions can be acted upon by researchers. Second, we present the Productive Multivocality project and its objectives (Suthers, Lund, Rosé, Teplovs & Law, 2013) in order to describe an example of a researcher who — thanks to interactions with other researchers using different methods — developed a mixed method, using a conscious methodological eclecticism (rather than naïve), and in this way was able to escape the incommensurability thesis. In conclusion, we explain how discussing different analyses of the same corpus allowed a researcher who planned and taught the course that gave rise to the corpus, was able to evaluate it.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 12, 2018 - 4:57:58 PM
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Kristine Lund, Dan Suthers. Le déterminisme méthodologique et le chercheur agissant. Éducation & Didactique, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2016, Apprendre et faire apprendre : trois contributions, 10 (1), pp.27-37. ⟨http://journals.openedition.org/educationdidactique/2439⟩. ⟨halshs-01683045⟩

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