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The spatial dimensions of immobility in France

Abstract : In travel surveys, immobility is often approached as a technical issue that needs to be dealt with in order to measure mobility more accurately. By covering mobility patterns over a full week, the 2008 French Travel Survey allows immobility to be analysed other than as a marginal and random phenomenon. For working days alone, 28.8% of the adults in the survey had experienced one or more immobility episodes. By considering the intensity of immobility, and by introducing latent variables into Structural Equation Modelling, we have been able to propose a model with reasonable explanatory power. Our findings agree with previous studies and also show that within suburban or rural areas, access to shops or the type of local residential fabric are also factors that influence the number of immobile days. In addition, our findings show that the effects of the determinants differ between categories of individuals, notably between working adults and students on the one hand, and between retired and non-working people on the other.
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Benjamin Motte-Baumvol, Olivier Bonin. The spatial dimensions of immobility in France. Transportation, Springer Verlag, 2018, 45 (5), pp.1231-1247. ⟨10.1007/s11116-017-9763-5⟩. ⟨halshs-01676361⟩



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