Où va la philologie numérique ?

Abstract : If the first philologists to use computers, since the 1950's, considered it mostly an instrument to which they could delegate repetitive or quantitatively important tasks, I argue here that computational methods, or, better said, data-oriented philology can be a powerful vector of transformation of our disciplines, inside the framework provided by the emerging fourth paradigm of an unified scientific method. Indeed, if the digital publication of editions often has, until now, captured the attention of textual scholars, the core of the potential transformation lies instead in a data-centric approach: upstream , this means using computational methods to produce data in quantities or granularities that could not be considered until now; downstream, it has the ability of reversing the very way in which we formulate statements or build knowledge, by moving from the traditional hypothesis-led approach to a procedure in which a formalisa-tion is drawn from the data themselves, allowing us to be freer from the more deeply-rooted postulates or from " common-sense " assumptions. As we register new sets of facts selected from our sources, new enquiries and analyses become possible, as long as we don't stay prisoners of interfaces, that are in essence limited and whose sustainability is questionable. If " Data is the Important Long-Term Outcome " , they should be shared without restrictions in order to allow for accumulative progress of knowledge , as well as to conform to the standards of scientific research: reproducibility, falsifiability. For this kind of open science to be enacted, we should be less indulgent towards copyfraud and absurd claims of ownership on ancient texts.
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Jean-Baptiste Camps. Où va la philologie numérique ?. 2017. ⟨halshs-01674953⟩

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