Rome, une « cité grecque » prise par les Hyperboréens

Abstract : The annalist Fabius Pictor very probably authored the traditional story of the sack of Rome by the Gauls in 390 BC, when the city was said to have been completely destroyed by fire. His narrative outline was inspired by Herodotus’ story of the sack of Athens by the Persians in 480. However, a study of the earliest Greek sources mentioning this episode suggests that the actual origin of this parallel may have been the wish expressed by the 4th century BC Roman aristocracy to depict Rome as a “Greek city” in the vanguard of hellenism in Italy, according to the Athenian “model”. Viewed from this angle, the parallel between the defeat of Rome and that of Athens may have been an invention of 4th century Roman diplomacy designed to conceal (or mitigate) the shame of Rome’s defeat behind the example of Athens.
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Michel Humm. Rome, une « cité grecque » prise par les Hyperboréens. KTÈMA Civilisations de l'Orient, de la Grèce et de Rome antiques, Université de Strasbourg, 2017, 42, pp.53-72. ⟨halshs-01669166⟩

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