Fewer courts, less justice? Evidence from the 2008 French reform of labor courts

Abstract : The need to provide a high-quality justice at reasonable cost represents a current challenge for many public authorities. Many reform projects propose to remove some courts in order to rationalize the judiciary. This paper explores the 2008 French reform of labor courts (removing 20% of the courts) to empirically investigate the determinants of the removal decision, and its consequences on caseload and case duration in the remaining courts. This represents -to our knowledge- the first attempt to evaluate the impacts of courts’ removal. Using panel data, our empirical strategy is based on probit estimations, counterfactuals, as well as 3SLS estimations. Our results show that the reform targeted small and concentrated courts. At the aggregated national level, it appears that duration did not increase, but the demand for litigation decreased. Locally, we find that courts were affected in different ways according to the relative burden they took on.
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European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 43 (2), pp.195-237. 〈10.1007/s10657-015-9507-y〉
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Soumis le : mardi 14 novembre 2017 - 11:33:40
Dernière modification le : jeudi 16 novembre 2017 - 01:10:01

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Romain Espinosa, Claudine Desrieux, Hengrui Wan. Fewer courts, less justice? Evidence from the 2008 French reform of labor courts. European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 43 (2), pp.195-237. 〈10.1007/s10657-015-9507-y〉. 〈halshs-01634211〉

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