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Les prytanées d’Athènes

Abstract : The discovery, East of the Acropolis, of an inscription honoring a priestess of Aglaurus, has led scholars to locate the Aglaurion to the East side of the Acropolis, near the Agia Aikaterini Square, and to assume the existence on this spot of a second, archaic, agora, connected to an old prytaneion, both of which remained in service until Augustan times, when three Hestiai were worshipped. An ancient prytaneion – the one seen by Pausanias – is indeed to be located there, but without any link to an agora. It may be dated to the time when Athens established its first synoecism, attributed to Theseus. A close reading of Thucydides leads us to the conclusion that there was more than one prytaneion in Athens: the first was in the Acropolis when Athens was no more than a village, the second to the East of the Acropolis, the third (the prytanikon) was constructed in the Ceramicus under Clisthenes on top of the more ancient building F which dated from a time when the Ceramicus was still a potters’ quarter. Although we have to reject Ampolo’s opinion that this building was the forerunner of the classical prytaneion, his comparison between Athens and Rome still deserves closer examination.
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Patrick Marchetti. Les prytanées d’Athènes. Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2017, pp.94-109. ⟨halshs-01589175⟩

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