Les mathématiques comme outil ou comme révélateur : reconstruction d’un débat silencieux entre Walras et Pareto

Abstract : The article suggests a new argument to de-homogenize Walras’and Pareto’s contributions, showing that even the common analytical instrument used for the mathematical representation of general equilibrium doesn’t have the same status. Both consider mathematics as relevant in economics, but their epistemological interpretation of it is different, and sometimes even contradictory. The paper shows that mathematics are linked to a form of determinism in Walras, whereas they are a tool to promote individual freedom in Pareto. This opposition is then connected to the opposition between mathematics as language of Nature (in Walras) and mathematics as a tool for science (in Pareto).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 14, 2017 - 7:15:26 PM
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Irène Berthonnet, Müller Thomas. Les mathématiques comme outil ou comme révélateur : reconstruction d’un débat silencieux entre Walras et Pareto. Revue de Philosophie Economique / Review of Economic Philosophy, Vrin ; De Boeck, 2016, 17 (2), pp.7-38. ⟨https://www.cairn.info/revue-de-philosophie-economique-2016-2-page-7.htm⟩. ⟨10.3917/rpec.172.0007⟩. ⟨halshs-01539450⟩

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