Une archéologie de la guerre au second âge du Fer (fin du IV e siècle av. – début du I er siècle ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : Iron Age war leaves little material trace. But we can however understand the role of war in Celtic society using the discoveries of weapons. By the study of the position of weapons in tombs and in sanctuaries, we propose to retrace the evolution of how the art of war is represented. This first inventory aims to replace within a historical perspective the variations of the number of warriors by chronological phase and by context, the rhythm of technical innovation, the evolution in the composition of the military equipment and the recruitment of the men at arms as well as the phenomena linked to the change in battle techniques and the intensity of the conflicts. We propose a sociological reading of these phenomena and will attempt to correlate them to historical events. The central role of the war appears as a prominent factor in the transformation of society from the 4 th century BC to the integration of the cities of Gaul into the Roman Empire
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Gérard Bataille, Jenny Kaurin, Stéphane Marion. Une archéologie de la guerre au second âge du Fer (fin du IV e siècle av. – début du I er siècle ap. J.-C.). Olivier Buchsenschutz, Olivier Dutour, Claude Mordant. Archéologie de la violence et de la guerre dans les sociétés pré et protohistoriques, CTHS, pp.Edition électronique, 2014. ⟨halshs-01517096⟩

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