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Efficacité technique des exploitations avicoles productrices d’œufs au sud du Bénin

Abstract : In the context of opening up borders to the massive importation of poultry products in Benin, the issue of the performance of national poultry farms remains at the heart of all debates. In order to ensure a better allocation of productive resources, socioeconomic considerations are important to analyze. In this framework, we study the level of performance of poultry farms in the South of Benin. By adopting the parametric approach, technical efficiency levels were estimated from a stochastic production boundary. The questionnaires were administered to forty-five poultry farms in order to collect data from primary sources between August and September 2016. Empirical results show Analyzes have shown that poultry farms in the South of Benin are mostly successful, although deviations effectiveness exist between them individually. Human capital, labor, and veterinary treatments are major factors in the egg production process. The regression of the production function revealed that the inefficiencies of the layers are largely due to the technical inefficiency of the producers (84%) and the inefficient distribution of the resources (16%). Efficiency gaps are explained both by socio-economic factors (endogenous and exogenous) of the farm. They were classified into three categories including primary factors (age, education, active members, competence, density, contracts, conflicts, gender ...); Secondary (credit, nature of food, membership of an association ...) and tertiary (out of stock).
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01516234
Contributor : Emile Blaise Siewe Pougoue <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 4:25:44 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 23, 2021 - 3:07:20 AM

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Emile Blaise Siewe Pougoue, Ibrahim Manu, Innocent Adédédji Labiyi, Thiburce Bokossa. Efficacité technique des exploitations avicoles productrices d’œufs au sud du Bénin. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 2019, ⟨10.19182/remvt.31728⟩. ⟨halshs-01516234v2⟩

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