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Libéralisme et explications finalistes dans les sciences humaines et sociales. Une lecture de Raymond Boudon

Abstract : Raymond Boudon did not only distinguish between ‘finalist’ and ‘causalist’ explanations in the social sciences. He also argued that the first ones are consistent with liberal philosophy whereas the last ones tend to promote an illiberal point of view. The author of the present paper has chosen to discuss more particularly three of Boudon’s arguments : Alexis de Tocqueville’s and Max Weber’s methodological individualism, the idea that the liberal philosophy relies on an « ordinary psychology » immediately accessible to common sense, the progressive discovery of the axiolological reason from Mandeville to Weber. He thus revisits the question of explanation in sociology, while continuing, more particularly on the subject of liberalism, a reflection started up in Tetralogiques number 20 on the relationship between politics and ethics.
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Jean-Michel Le Bot. Libéralisme et explications finalistes dans les sciences humaines et sociales. Une lecture de Raymond Boudon. Tétralogiques, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2017, pp.491-522. ⟨halshs-01512635⟩

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