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Savoirs mobilisés par les élèves dans des cafés science : grille de caractérisation issue d’une étude internationale

Abstract : The YouTalk educational activity, co-designed by a research laboratory and an association specialized in scientific mediation, was defined at the crossroads of several problems of the literature of science education research. This school scientific café allows the students to argue about a socio-scientific issue, here drinking water management. On the basis of 10 videotaped cafés organized in Mexico, the US, and France, the elements of knowledge-belief (EKoB) used by the students are described along five dimensions: logical level, degree of generality, comparability to knowledge of reference, didactical position in relation to this knowledge, source. In terms of logical level, most of the EKoB corresponds to relations, which indicates students’ engagement into a reasoning process. The students also tend to use EKoB of a higher degree of generality during class discussion than the ones they use in small groups. This result is consistent with the initial hypothetized complementarity between class-level and group-level discussions that inspired the pedagogical design. Last but not least, attention paid to the source(s) of the identified EKoB and their relation to knowledge of reference is key to inform us about the interest of such activity for traditional missions of formal education.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 11, 2018 - 10:10:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-01503177, version 1



Claire Polo, Christian Plantin, Kristine Lund, Gerald P. Niccolai. Savoirs mobilisés par les élèves dans des cafés science : grille de caractérisation issue d’une étude internationale. RDST - Recherches en didactique des sciences et des technologies , ENS Éditions, 2016, 13, pp.193-220. ⟨halshs-01503177⟩



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