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La πότνια θηρῶν ou les frontières de l’Autre. Réflexion archéologique sur la signification d'une image homérique en Grèce orientalisante

Abstract : Historians of Greek religion have long perceived the existence of a deity of pre-Hellenic times of Aegean-Anatolian origins, the mistress of animals, whose iconographic theme experienced a resurgence of interest in various artistic productions of the Greek world during the so-called orientalizing period (end 8th - mid 6th century BC.). Since the late nineteenth century, this particular image has been linked to the protector of the wild, Artemis, according to the term πότνια θηρῶν used by Homer in the book XXI of the Iliad in order to qualify the goddess. Therefore, the mistress of animals was interpreted as a foreshadowing of the goddess Artemis, and gradually assimilated with the Olympian twin in the course of the 6th century BC. This univocal connection with the complex and ambiguous personality of Artemis needs to be reconsidered in light of a contextual work matching an iconographic approach with an archaeological one, relying especially on a redefinition of the studied images repertoire and a review of their cultic associations.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01499653
Contributor : Christian Mazet <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 31, 2017 - 5:27:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:34:53 PM

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Christian Mazet. La πότνια θηρῶν ou les frontières de l’Autre. Réflexion archéologique sur la signification d'une image homérique en Grèce orientalisante. Kentron. Revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique, Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2017, Approches historiennes des images (I), 2016 (32), pp.17-58. ⟨10.4000/kentron.790⟩. ⟨halshs-01499653⟩

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