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La frontière gisement d’altérité, ou l’activation d’une limite géopolitique en ressource territoriale. Géographie du tourisme et Ailleurs de proximité en Pyrénées

Abstract : The boundaries, as limits between states, can be treated as territorial resource, or a minima, as multi-scalar resource more or less territorialized (Amilhat-Szary, 2004). Indeed, both by structural and cyclical factors (economy, state or regional regulations, political and religious situations, local conditions ...), a differential between two countries generates a set of legal and illegal dynamics (Gasperini, 1996; Guillot, 2009; Velasco-Graciet, 1998, 2006). In times of peace, there is mobility of labor, smuggling or other traffic and consumption of duty-free. When prostitution is authorized on one side of the border, it grows up and sometimes it even supports the economy of a region. Otherwise, in times of conflict, we think of the exodus of refugees and smuggling of people. Wars, dictatorships, revolutions, ethnic or religious conflicts... so many situations that motivate the move. Closed borders, are often more important to cross. This sometimes brings up the paradox that the more difficult a border is to overcome, the more reasons there are is to cross it. Thus, economic borders, security or defensive planning, political, religious or ideological limits, between states were well-documented. From another perspective this work studies the border rather as a source of symbolic and geo-cultural otherness. The other side of the border is not neutral. Borders represent a source of otherness. Therefore, the border becomes a fundamental resource of the tourism phenomenon. Indeed, for most authors, tourism is motivated by the search for an Elsewhere that compensates for a daily Here. This Elsewhere can be exotic and distant (Bachimon, 1990; Cousin & Réau, 2009; Staszak, 2008), or it can be a proximal Elsewhere (Bourdeau, 2003; Piolle, 1993; Urbain, 2002). With the goal of supporting, or, at least, debating this hypothesis, this study offers a set of empirical data and fieldwork in the Pyrenees at the border between France and Spain.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01479936
Contributor : André Suchet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 1, 2017 - 2:53:46 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 9:28:30 AM

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André Suchet. La frontière gisement d’altérité, ou l’activation d’une limite géopolitique en ressource territoriale. Géographie du tourisme et Ailleurs de proximité en Pyrénées. 11ème Congrès du réseau Border Regions in Transition BRIT, Université de Genève/Université de Grenoble, Sep 2011, Genève/Grenoble, Switzerland. ⟨halshs-01479936⟩

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