Les lieux et les rythmes de la production argentifère en Languedoc oriental

Abstract : In the Middle Ages, Eastern Languedoc was one of the major Mediterranean mining areas. There is a concentration of BPGC (= blende, pyrite, galena and chalcopyrite) sulphide mineralization at the southeast edge of the Massif Central, from the Monts du Vivarais to the Monts de l’Espinouse. The outcrop was mined as of the Chalcolithic (Bronze) Age, at the latest, and up to end of the 20th century. Silver mining developed considerably between the 11th and 14th centuries. Despite nearly 50 years of ongoing research, it is paradoxical that so few syntheses have been published on this district, and always in France. Since then, archeological work has continued and text extraction lists have been completed, opening up prospects for detailed, updated analysis of silver mining locations and production rates, characterized primarily by discontinuity. First, spatial discontinuity. Mapping of the mines mentioned in the texts reveals production concentrated in mining regions apparently separate from one another. In addition to giving a summarized overview of empirical research and biases, our objective will be to initiate a typological classification, in particular with a view to promoting regional and extra-regional comparisons. Then, temporal discontinuity. Sequencing of the corpus and archeological dating can provide a better understanding of the time series issues presented by most of the mines. Using it, we will attempt to identify the main production rates according to available data. In short, the review we propose will be an opportunity to present a regional mining corpus and thereby encourage the development of future research topics.
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Nicolas Minvielle Larousse. Les lieux et les rythmes de la production argentifère en Languedoc oriental. Les métaux précieux en Méditerranée médiévale : Exploitations, transformations, circulations : Colloque international, 6, 7, 8 octobre 2016, Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l'Homme, Aix-en-Provence, Oct 2016, Aix-en-Provence, France. pp.95-106. ⟨halshs-01478101⟩

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