"Crise locale, crises nationales : rythmes et limites de la crise de la fin du Moyen Âge à Paris au miroir des prix fonciers"

Abstract : Historiography of 70-80’s theorised the crisis of the end of the Middle Age. It proposed a systemic interpretation of all phenomenon of this period, which are all connected in the vicious circle of a great depression. Trouble is that the Parisian economy seems to resist quite well in the XIVth century, although political trouble are numerous after 1356. Prices of real estates give an idea of the health of the local economy despite the Black Death and Hundred years war. So the real estate market is under stress during the XIVth century but resists quite well to the general crisis, whereas it collapsed after 1420. The reason is that the general crisis provides some positive effects in the capital: kings remain in Paris war obliges them to organize defence from the capital; war obliged kings to raise taxes, but a part of remained in their hands for courtly life; a brilliant court attracts lords who settled too in the capital: they owned 13 % of the land of the city and their household was about 10 000 people. This context supports prices and entertains confidence in the local economy.
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Boris Bove. "Crise locale, crises nationales : rythmes et limites de la crise de la fin du Moyen Âge à Paris au miroir des prix fonciers". Histoire urbaine, Société française d'histoire urbaine (SFHU), 2012, Villes en crise au Moyen Âge, pp.81-106. ⟨halshs-01465602⟩

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