"The Rabbis Write Back! L’enjeu de la “parenté” entre Israël et Rome-Ésaü-Édom"

Abstract : Compared with the mythical kinships found in the Bible as well as in the Hellenistic world, the identification of Rome with Esau or Edom does not reflect the invention of a kinship between Romans and Jews, but rather the creation of a typology. The latter is all the more paradoxical as it implies a proximity and even an intimacy between Israel and Rome. According to some historians, this typology makes sense only with the christianization of the empire. However, a close examination of the sources shows that the idea of Israel and Rome as twins and rivals originates in the Jewish defeats against Rome and in the perception by the rabbis of Rome as usurping the concrete and symbolic place of Israel in the world.
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Contributor : Katell Berthelot <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 11:37:49 AM
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Katell Berthelot. "The Rabbis Write Back! L’enjeu de la “parenté” entre Israël et Rome-Ésaü-Édom". Revue de l'histoire des religions, Armand Colin, 2016, La représentation juive de l’empire romain comme pendant et frère jumeau d’Israël. Histoire et enjeux, 233 (2), pp.165-192. ⟨halshs-01465569⟩



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