Comparative morphology and paleobiology of Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l’Aubesier, Vaucluse, France

Abstract : The discovery of later Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l’Aubesier, France reinforces an evolutionary model of the gradual accumulation of Neandertal-derived facial and dental features during the Middle Pleistocene of the northwestern Old World. The pronounced maxillary incisor beveling of Aubesier 4 helps to extend the antiquity of nondietary use of the anterior dentition. The interproximal ‘‘toothpick’’ groove on the Aubesier 10 molar increases the sample for these lesions. The pathological loss of the mandibular dentition of Aubesier 11 indicates advanced antemortem masticatory impairment, at a level previously undoc- umented before the Late Pleistocene. These remains support a view of later Middle Pleistocene humans able to support debili- tated individuals despite the considerable use of their bodies to accomplish routine activities.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 9, 2017 - 11:38:12 AM
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Serge Lebel, Erik Trinkaus, Martine Faure, Philippe Fernandez, Claude Guerin, et al.. Comparative morphology and paleobiology of Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l’Aubesier, Vaucluse, France. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2001, ⟨10.1073/pnas.181353998⟩. ⟨halshs-01462969⟩

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