The Place of Aristotle's Topics: Some Examples in the 15th Century

Abstract : The Medieval tradition of Topics crosses Cicero and Boethius on the one side, Aristotle on the other. This crossing made his fecundity in the analysis of the different meanings of the probable, as well as in the approach of cognitive phenomena, considered as intellectual dispositions thanks to the notion of fides. This article shows that the theory of dialectics in 15th century could not, in any way, be seen as a return to Cicero against Aristotle. It considers two examples, which represent one the Abertist school, John Versoris, the other the Nominalist school, Georges of Bruxelles. In any case, the two traditions are still combined. Commentaries on Aristotle are at the same time a place for recurrent interrogations on the probable or the relation between dialectics and demonstration, and the occasion of emergence of new questions, concerning the notion of method, or the relation between invention and resolution. The commentaries on the treatises of Peter of Spain, while including technical developments on the loci, go on deepening the different possible uses of the fides, from the religious belief to the disposition acquired by science, and the motives for adhering to a proposition.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 8, 2017 - 2:23:43 PM
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Joël Biard. The Place of Aristotle's Topics: Some Examples in the 15th Century. Rivista di Filosofia Neoscolastica, 2016, CVIII (4), pp.845-856. ⟨halshs-01461771⟩

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