Anatomical features of skull base and oral cavity : a pilot study to determine the accessibility of the sella by transoral robotic-assisted surgery

Abstract : The role of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in the skull base emerges and represents the natural progression toward miniinvasive resections in confined spaces. The accessibility of the sella via TORS has been recently described on fresh human cadavers. An anatomic study is mandatory to know if this approach would be feasible in the majority of patients regardless of their oral morphological features. From 30 skull base CT scans from patients who were asked to open their mouth as wide as they can, we measured specific dimensions of the oral cavity and the skull base, such as length of the palate, mouth opening and distance from the sella to the palate. All data were acquired on a sagittal midline plane and on a 25° rotation plane, which simulated the axis of the robotic instruments. Looking at the projection of the dental palatine line on the sella, we studied possible predictive factors of sellar accessibility and tried to bring objective data for surgical feasibility. We also proposed an angle α to study the working angle at the skull base. We observed that the maximal mouth opening was a good predictive factor of sellar accessibility by TORS (p < 0.05). The mouth aperture threshold value for a good sensitivity, over 80 %, was comparable to the mean value of mouth opening in our series, 38.9 and 39.4 mm respectively. Moreover, we showed a statistically significant increase of the working angle α at the skull base comparing the lateral access to the midline one (p < 0.05). This seemed to quantitatively demonstrate that the robotic arms placed at the labial commissure of the mouth can reach the sella. From these anatomical features and previous cadaveric dissections, we assume that TORS may be feasible on a majority of patients to remove pituitary adenomas.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01457263
Contributor : Gwénaëlle Lo Bue <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 6, 2017 - 1:29:02 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 18, 2019 - 1:52:01 PM

Identifiers

Citation

Aymeric Amelot, Stephanie Trunet, Vincent Degos, Olivier André, Aurore Dionnet, et al.. Anatomical features of skull base and oral cavity : a pilot study to determine the accessibility of the sella by transoral robotic-assisted surgery. Neurosurgical Review, Springer Verlag, 2015, 38 (4), pp.723-730. ⟨10.1007/s10143-015-0635-1⟩. ⟨halshs-01457263⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

180