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The New Migratory Routes of Europe? Polish and Romanian Emigrations in a Comparative Historical Perspective

Abstract : This article steps back into history to describe the evolutions and transformations of migratory routes inside Europe. The question raised is the following: which are the particular variables determining the shape and the directions of migratory roads crossing Europe? To answer this question, this paper first uses data from 29 European countries censuses and migration data from National statistical offices in order to reconstitute those routes and analyse their shape. In a second part of the study, East‐West movements of people and the particular cases of Polish and Romanian emigrations are put into an historical comparative perspective. Those migrations have strongly varied throughout the years, but display a clear and stunning parallelism, notably marked by a substantial shift during the past twenty years. Comparing both emigrations patterns using official data from several countries and survey data (Polish Social Diagnosis and British Labour Force Survey), we show that their patterns reveal the transformations of the European migratory system and elicit the role of different variables in the constitution of a particular migratory route. By comparing the general features of post‐enlargement Romanian emigration to Spain and Polish emigration to the United‐Kingdom, we suggest that those phenomena corresponds with a new type of mobility, concerning particularly the newest generations.
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Aurore Flipo. The New Migratory Routes of Europe? Polish and Romanian Emigrations in a Comparative Historical Perspective. Romanian Journal of European Studies, Editura Universităţii de Vest, Timişoara, 2009, South-Eastern Europe and the European Migration System: East-West Mobility in Flux. ⟨halshs-01456830⟩

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