Latin America at the Crossroads : The Inter-American Institute of Intellectual Cooperation, the League of Nations and the Pan American Union

Abstract : In 1921 the League of Nations founded the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (ICIC). Five years later, the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC) was inaugurated, designed to be the executive organ of the ICIC. Mostly European-rooted, the IIIC nevertheless attracted many Latin American governments and intellectuals. Meanwhile, the Pan American Union was developing its program in intellectual cooperation on a hemispheric scale. In 1928, during the Sixth Inter-American Conference in Havana, a resolution was adopted calling for an Inter-American Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (IAIIC). The relationship between the League of Nations and the Pan American Union under the umbrella of intellectual cooperation fuels the debate between universalism and regionalism as this proposed IAIIC would have been in competition with the IIIC. On this issue among others, Latin America stood in the middle of the rivalry between Europe and the League of Nations on one hand and the US-influenced Pan American Union on the other. The projected IAIIC found itself at a crossroads of diverse and at times diverging stakes and interests, and its story sheds light on the role and position of a Latin America torn between influences from both sides of the Atlantic. It also provides an understanding of the relationship between the League of Nations and the Pan American Union.
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Juliette Dumont. Latin America at the Crossroads : The Inter-American Institute of Intellectual Cooperation, the League of Nations and the Pan American Union . Alan McPherson; Yannick Wehrli. Beyond Geopolitics: New Histories of Latin America at the League of Nations, University of New Mexico Press, 2015, 978-0-8263-5171-5. ⟨http://unmpress.com/books.php?ID=20000000006573&Page=book⟩. ⟨halshs-01455439⟩

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