Les maires et leurs logements sociaux. Des années de fondation à l’âge d’or du grand ensemble (1910-1960)

Abstract : Mayors and social housing : from the origins to the golden age of “grand ensemble” (housing compound) (1920-1960) The 23rd December 1912 Act first created the “offices publics” (public housing committees) marking the commitment of local authorities in social housing policies. From few dozens in 1919, the number of these committees soon reached 300 on the eve of 2nd World War. The “Loucheur” Act dated 1928 would further boost the public housing sector as the CDC, the French State arm in charge with funding public investments was then to be associated to public housing policies. Between 1920’s and late 1930’s public housing committees aided by the CDC achieved nearly 130,000 HLM (low rate housing). In the 50’s, over 360,000 of these HLM were built amounting to 57 % of total HLM in France to which one must add housing of “SEM municipales” (municipalities’ social housing). These programs, even if unevenly spread over French territory, were often conducted by the regional leg of CDC, evidencing how local powers could commit to urban policies. The latter strengthened the status of the Mayor as a “Builder”.
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Emmanuel Bellanger. Les maires et leurs logements sociaux. Des années de fondation à l’âge d’or du grand ensemble (1910-1960). Histoire urbaine, Société française d'histoire urbaine (SFHU), 2008, pp.103-115. ⟨halshs-01451120⟩

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