Devoirs maternels : Reproduction sociale et politique des inégalités sexuées

Abstract : Huge differences of both status and functions between men and women persist in the private sphere. This article underscores the importance of children in the maintenance and the legitimization of this persistent asymmetry. Childhood – and especially infancy – remains a field in which co-parenting is not a practical reality. The sexual division of parenting labor is internalized by parents from both sexes, including among the younger ones, but it is also reflected in the latest public policies implemented in France, torn between the explicit intention to foster a greater equality between men and women in the spheres of family and professional life, and their “traditional concern” for the specialization of gendered social roles. The institutionalization of individualized childcare, but also, paradoxically, the new legal bills designed to facilitate a better sharing of parental responsibilities after a divorce have implicitly assigned a decisive role to women in the exercise of their maternal role. Based upon the results of sociological surveys and on the exploitation of statistical data, the article assesses the reality of parental social norms using from the point of view of their social representations and of the public policies that, during the last decades, were involved in the (normative) social definition of the private sphere and of its internal relationships.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 27, 2017 - 10:26:12 AM
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Thierry Blöss. Devoirs maternels : Reproduction sociale et politique des inégalités sexuées. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, Editions du Seuil, 2016, Les structures contemporaines de la «parentalité», 4 (214), pp.46-65. ⟨10.3917/arss.214.0046⟩. ⟨halshs-01447643⟩



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