Croyants de nature ? Sociologie religieuse de l'Agriculture paysanne

Abstract : Sociology of religion in the rural world used to be a classic framework to understand the modernization of French rural areas and therefore of rural sociology up to the 1970s. Since then, this tool has been largely discarded. This can be partly explained by a significant decrease of religious activity in rural areas over the past decades, which exemplifies the blurring in the distinction between rural and urban lifestyles. However, we shall discuss the current interest in combining sociology of religion and rural sociology. Through the study of the French " Agriculture paysanne " , we will show how the critics of conventional agriculture actualize religious material. On the one hand, Catholicism stemming from the Catholic Action movement still influences more or less directly alternative farming. On the other hand, some farmers invoke a " spiritual " dimension in order to legitimate a non­instrumental relation to nature or " the living ". In other words, investigating religion contributes to a better understanding of farmers' representations of nature and practices in the context of their ecologization.
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Mathieu Gervais. Croyants de nature ? Sociologie religieuse de l'Agriculture paysanne. Etudes rurales, EHESS, 2016. ⟨halshs-01444707⟩



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