Religious Workshop and Gregorian Chant: The Janus Liszt, or How to Make New with the Old

Abstract : This study focused on Liszt's life-long quest for a new, “regenerated” Church music and his relationship to Plainchant. It shows how Liszt managed to balance Traditionalism and Modernism in using gregorian melodies, a repertoire he considered to be the mother tongue of the Church that could help to renew its musical language : "The most daring excesses of the music of the future are no more than childish timidity when set beside the heroism of true plainchant, which is stuffed full of quarter-tones, tristropha and strophicus" (Liszt to Joseph d'Ortigues in 1862). Chant helped Liszt to make New with the Old. Based on detailed study of his manuscripts, sketchbooks and annotated books in Weimar and Budapest, it gives an insight into his compositional workshop and the genetic process of his gregorian-based works (the example are taken from his oratorios "Die Legende von der heiligen Elisabeth" and "Christus").
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Nicolas Dufetel. Religious Workshop and Gregorian Chant: The Janus Liszt, or How to Make New with the Old. James Deaville et Michael Saffle. Liszt’s Legacies. Based on papers presented at the International Liszt Conference held at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada , Pendragon Press, pp.43-71, 2014. ⟨halshs-01422220⟩

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