El casament de Bernat III de Besalú: lluita fratricida i annexió territorial entorn del 1111

Abstract : The 1111 marriage of Bernard III of Besalu and Ximena, daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, prepares the integration of county of Besalu in Barcelona’s. Using the rich diplomatic documents related to it, the author attempts to understand the reasons for this “alliance” in the anthropological sense of the word. Both princely houses use a girl (Ximena, who was only six years old in 1111) in order to succeed in their matrimonial and patrimonial strategies. The context is intra-family and feudal struggles. Bernard III is the son of count Guillem II, about whom the Gesta Comitum Barchinonensium asserts he was slain by his brother, probably Bernard II. This murder could be true: in eleventh century, wars and massacres between brothers for a succession are common in the West. Other women, like Sancha of Barcelona, sister of Ramon Berenguer II, also take part in the same policy, that will allow the union to Barcelona, not only of Besalu, but also of Cerdanya.
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Martin Aurell. El casament de Bernat III de Besalú: lluita fratricida i annexió territorial entorn del 1111. Actes de colloque, Oct 2011, Besalù, España. pp.183-192. ⟨halshs-01419989⟩

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