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De l’orgueilleuse geste royale au pragmatisme des bénéficiaires : Les deux versions de l’acte du roi Iyasu I (1682-1706) en faveur de l’église d’Aksum (Éthiopie)

Abstract : Among the sovereign rights of the Ethiopian Christian kings was the right to allocate landholding called gult to religious institutions and individuals alike. The lands received according to gult were generally of large size and theoretically inalienable. The cultivation and taxation imposed on the land-plots depended on the history of each particular institution. A comparative analysis of two versions of the same gult in favor of Aksum Seyon church, one issued by the royal scriptorium of King Iya su I (1682-1706), the other issued by the beneficiaries (the church), reveals the issues at stake at the gult level and at the land-plot level. To donate or to confirm a gult landholding and to clarify the rights pertaining to land-plots are two legal actions that overlap and complement each other.
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Anaïs Wion. De l’orgueilleuse geste royale au pragmatisme des bénéficiaires : Les deux versions de l’acte du roi Iyasu I (1682-1706) en faveur de l’église d’Aksum (Éthiopie). Annales d'Éthiopie, De Boccard/Centre Français des Études Éthiopiennes 2015, 30, pp.259-281. ⟨halshs-01418658⟩

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