Islam

Abstract : The chapter delves into the plural ways in which colonial encounters transformed the course of Islam and Muslim societies both north and south of the Sahara. Though it focuses specifically on the imperial age set forth by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830, it also favours a long duration approach — making incursions into both pre- and post-colonial periods — to better delineate the dialectic of continuity and change brought about by the colonial situation. The chapter analyses the changing perceptions and policies that the various colonial powers, most importantly the French and the British, developed vis-à-vis Islam and Muslims, and how colonial actors and Muslim leaders eventually worked out subtle patterns of accommodation. But it calls for even more attention to how Islamic thought and Muslim societies were transformed from within in the course of the twentieth century, with emphasis on Sufism, Salafism, the challenge of Islam vs. Western modernity, and the colonial phenomenon of conversion to Islam. The chapter combines historiography, historical analysis, and an Islamic-studies approach to present key themes and debates of relevance to those subjects.
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  • HAL Id : halshs-01406101, version 2

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Marie Miran-Guyon, Jean-Louis Triaud. Islam. John Parker and Richard Reid. The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History, Oxford University Press, 2013, 9780199572472. ⟨halshs-01406101v2⟩

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