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Que nous apprennent les gros corpus sur l’harmonie vocalique en français ?

Abstract : What can we learn from big speech corpora about French vowel harmony? This study sets to determine those highly debated-as yet poorly investigated-factors that affect French vowel harmony (VH). The analyses are based on 33k words extracted from two corpora (journalistic vs. casual speech) with possible V 1 C(C)V 2 (V 1 {e,ɛ,o,ɔ}) harmonic contexts. VH is measured as the lowering of the first formant of the target V 1 in relation to the V 2 trigger /+high/ (i.e. high and mid-high) vs. /-high/ (i.e. low and mid-low) V2. Results show that VH is stronger for mid-back target vowels than for mid-high vowels and when the realization of the target vowel is not driven by orthographic interference. As expected, VH is stronger with an intervening labial consonant (compared to a lingual consonant) and with consonant clusters without underlying schwa. Speech style is found to have a more subtle effect that the one described in the literature.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 3:21:40 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:58:15 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01401358, version 1



Giuseppina Turco, Cécile Fougeron, Nicolas Audibert. Que nous apprennent les gros corpus sur l’harmonie vocalique en français ?. 31èmes Journées d’Etudes sur la Parole, Jul 2016, Paris, France. pp.571-579. ⟨halshs-01401358⟩



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