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Approche de la typologie de production potière de Bollène (Vaucluse) au XIIIe siècle : essai sur le four 187 D de "Saint-Blaise-de-Bauzon"

Abstract : The second most important deposit of refractory clay in the south of France after Saint-Victor-des-Oules (Gard), Bollène was once an important centre of pottery manufacture. The Noyères syncline, a major source of Santinian and upper Coniacian clay, soon attracted potters. Although no evidence of pre Roman / Roman potting is known to us as yet, very many kilns from the early Middle Ages have been identified (Colloque de Sienne, 1984). The continuity of this craft throughout the Middle Ages has not been proven. Since 1974, several thirteenth century kilns have been excavated where the valley opens out (Documents d'Archéologie Française, 7). On of these (Archéologie Médiévale, V, 1975) as a reference point for this study. The abandoned archaelogical layer contained a large amount of pottery broken in situ, which there is every reason to take as the kiln's load, buried by the vault caving in, at the end of the last firing. The typology, and some specific characteristics of this partially conserved production are defined. A Succint comparison with ceramic of the same period, from Saint-Victor-des-Oules preceeds some remarks about production technology.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 23, 2016 - 4:21:56 PM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-01401031, version 1



Jacques Thiriot. Approche de la typologie de production potière de Bollène (Vaucluse) au XIIIe siècle : essai sur le four 187 D de "Saint-Blaise-de-Bauzon". La Céramique (Ve-XIXe s.), fabrication - commercialisation - utilisation : Premier congrès international d'archéologie médiévale, Oct 1985, Paris, France. pp.121-132. ⟨halshs-01401031⟩



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